Excellent and Useful Tips for Self Assessing Your Prostate Cancer
symptoms of prostate cancer are not exhibited by some men whereas some
other show classic signs. Sometimes they have the symptoms similar to
that of prostate cancer even though they do not have that disease.
difficulty that you experience when you urinate or when you stop urinating
Many of the symptoms given above might exist under other medical conditions. Growth of the prostate during the aging process is common and it is common in older men.
An enlarged prostate is known as BPH (Benign Prostatic Hyperplasia). This might block the flow of urine and interfere with the sexual functions of a man. Although it is different the symptoms of BPH are the same that of the prostate cancer.
It is better to know these symptoms but you cannot come to a judgement whether you have prostate cancer or not. It is better to consult a medical practitioner to find out if you have prostate cancer. They would do the appropriate tests to find out if you have that disease.
To diagnose prostate cancer four types of tests are done. These tests are for screening to help the doctor come to a conclusion on whether the patient is having cancer or not.
Some of the tests are given below:
DRE (Digital Rectal Exam)
Since the prostate is found near the rectum a gloved finger is used to find out any abnormal growth near the prostate gland. With this physical examination it is possible to find out if there is any abnormality in the size, the texture, and the shape. This test alone will not suffice. Hence they have to do additional tests to get a proper diagnosis.
PSA (prostate specific antigen) Test
This is a blood test where the blood is looked for the presence of a substance that is related to the prostate gland. The PSA in the blood is tested and the quantity is measured. If the level of PSA is above 4.0 ng/ml, then it is concluded that the prostate has a disorder which might be an infection or an enlargement.
Transrectal Ultrasound Test
is done to evaluate the prostate gland. A small probe that emits sound
waves is inserted in the rectum. This is used to get an image of the prostate
gland and the area surrounding it. From that image the prostate is evaluated.