Excellent and Useful Tips for Self Assessing Your Prostate Cancer

The symptoms of prostate cancer are not exhibited by some men whereas some other show classic signs. Sometimes they have the symptoms similar to that of prostate cancer even though they do not have that disease.

However it is better to consult your physician if you notice any of the given symptoms in this article. If you are at high risk do not take it lightly if you have any of the following symptoms:

• Any difficulty that you experience when you urinate or when you stop urinating

• If you don’t have the ability to urinate

• If the flow of urine is weak or if it is interrupted

• If you urinate frequently at night

• If you have a burning sensation when you urinate

• If you find blood in the urine

• If your experience pain while urinating

• If you have pain during ejaculation

• If you find difficulty in getting an erection and maintaining it

• If you have pain in the lower back, or hips or upper thighs

Many of the symptoms given above might exist under other medical conditions. Growth of the prostate during the aging process is common and it is common in older men.

An enlarged prostate is known as BPH (Benign Prostatic Hyperplasia). This might block the flow of urine and interfere with the sexual functions of a man. Although it is different the symptoms of BPH are the same that of the prostate cancer.

It is better to know these symptoms but you cannot come to a judgement whether you have prostate cancer or not. It is better to consult a medical practitioner to find out if you have prostate cancer. They would do the appropriate tests to find out if you have that disease.

To diagnose prostate cancer four types of tests are done. These tests are for screening to help the doctor come to a conclusion on whether the patient is having cancer or not.

Some of the tests are given below:

DRE (Digital Rectal Exam)

Since the prostate is found near the rectum a gloved finger is used to find out any abnormal growth near the prostate gland. With this physical examination it is possible to find out if there is any abnormality in the size, the texture, and the shape. This test alone will not suffice. Hence they have to do additional tests to get a proper diagnosis.

PSA (prostate specific antigen) Test

This is a blood test where the blood is looked for the presence of a substance that is related to the prostate gland. The PSA in the blood is tested and the quantity is measured. If the level of PSA is above 4.0 ng/ml, then it is concluded that the prostate has a disorder which might be an infection or an enlargement.

Transrectal Ultrasound Test

This test is done to evaluate the prostate gland. A small probe that emits sound waves is inserted in the rectum. This is used to get an image of the prostate gland and the area surrounding it. From that image the prostate is evaluated.

In the Biopsy test 6 to 12 tiny bits of prostate are removed analysed under the microscope. These bits are called the cores. A pathologist will diagnose the sample and then grade the type of cancer the patient has. For a proper approach to the treatment a biopsy is a must.



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