Getting to Know the Various Options at Your Disposal for Treating Your Prostate Cancer

The best course of treatment for prostate cancer depends on the stage in which the cancer is categorized. If the tumour is still confined to the prostate gland alone then a radiation therapy might help. In this therapy the cancerous cells are killed with the use of X-Rays. Another treatment option that is available is Prostatectomy which involves a surgery.

Sometimes the growth of the tumour is just watched so that it grows. This is the case in some older men considering the fact that they may die even before the tumour becomes so big that it affects their health.

If the tumour grows beyond the edge of the prostate then a hormonal therapy will work fine on it. The hormonal therapy will slow down the growth substantially. Surgery or radiation will not help in such a situation.

Another method for treatment is the removal of the prostate gland and the nearby lymph nodes. This method is called the radical prostatectomy. General anaesthesia is used for this type of surgery. Until the operated area heals a narrow tube called catheter is used inserted into the bladder via the penis to remove the urine that forms.

Many benefits and risks are there with the radical prostatectomy. The risks are short term for those who are in good health.

After the surgery the patient is required to stay in the hospital for 2 or 3 days until the catheter is removed. Once they get good control of the bladder they can go home.

In some cases the patient might take a long time to recover and they may require at least one month or more of medical leave. The recovery time might be from few weeks to several months and it all depends on the patient’s condition.

The main advantage of this type of surgery is that it offers a definite type of solution. All the cancer cells are removed and the cure is certain.

Moreover the surgery provides an overview of how far the cancer has spread. Like other surgeries this also comes with its own complications and risks. Loss of blood can occur.

So the patient is required to store their own blood before the surgery so that that blood can be used if transfusion is needed later.

Incontinence and impotence are the other risks involved in this treatment. Only a small percentage of people have total incontinence. It is found that around 35% of the people have leakage of urine in small quantities. This leakage is found only during laughing, heavy lifting, or coughing.

The surgeon has to take extra care so that he is not cutting down any nerves that might lead to impotence. If they do it correctly the risk of impotence can be minimized. It might not be possible if the tumour is large.

The age of the patient undergoing the surgery also plays a role in getting back their sexual functions. If the age is less than 50 then they might get back their sexual functions and desire. In case of men who are 70 and above the possibilities is less.

Even if some of the nerves are cut during the surgery the feel of the penis and orgasms are not lost. The only drawback is that the penis might not be hard enough to enable intercourse.

However there are medications that can make that kind of penis hard during intercourse. You might consult your medical practitioner and get advice on such medications.



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