Why is Prostate Cancer Screening Important?

If the prostate cancer is detected early, the possibility of cure is high. Prostate cancer is normally diagnosed when the patient on observing the symptoms of prostate cancer approaches the Doctor. Prostate Cancer screening is done for all men above 50 and at the age of 45 for those having predisposing factors.




People having two or more of their primary relative affected by cancer, are strongly recommended for screening by the American Cancer Society. A routine rectal palpation of the gland is significant since cancer is in the form of a nodule within the gland or a hardening in the posterior lobe.

Fine Needle Aspiration is a quick and painless procedure for obtaining a prostate cell for cytologic examination. Tissues are taken out surgically through transurethral resection of the prostate/transrectal needle biopsy or prostatectomy, and histological examination of the tissues confirms whether the man has prostate cancer. PSA level – which is in direct proportion with the total prostatic mass- is measured by a routine blood test. PSA indicates presence of the prostate tissue but it does not necessarily indicate malignancy.

Therefore, PSA testing is done along with direct rectal examination, which is a better option to conclude prostate cancer. After carrying out these screening tests, transrectal ultrasound (TURS) will be indicated for men once, PSA levels are elevated and direct rectal examination shows abnormalities.

Other tests to detect prostate cancer include skeletal x-ray to identify bone metastases, bone scans to detect metastatic bone disease, excretory urography detecting changes caused by urethral obstruction, renal function test, CT scan and lymphangiography to identify metastasis in the pelvic lymph nodes.

A ProstaScint, a radio labeled monoclonal antibody Capromab Pendetide with Indium-111, is an antibody that is attracted to the prostate-specific membrane found on the prostate cancer cells. On scanning, this radioactive element attached to the antibody is noticeable, and this leads to detection of cancer spread. For men above 50, the cancer screening as a second level of prevention is suggested to decrease the risk of late detection.


 


| A Quick Look at the Prostate Cancer Treatment Options | How to Deal with the Side Effects of Prostate Cancer Treatment | Identifying Prostate Cancer at an Early Stage | Prostate Cancer: A Quick Look at the Statistics | Prostate Cancer Surgery Alternatives | Prostate Cancer Treatments: A Variety to Choose From | Robotic Surgery for Prostate Cancer makes Prostate Surgery Easy | Surgical Treatment a Remedy for Prostate Cancer | Treatment for Prostate Cancer: Simple and Effective | Why is Prostate Cancer Screening Important? |

 


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